Public Sphere

Hambermas 1989 defined the concept of public sphere as, “We call events and occasions ‘public’ when they are open to all, in contrast to close or exclusive affairs”. Habermas characterises the public sphere as a construction of public opinion, accessible to all citizens, freedom of conference and debate over the governing rules. Public discussions today … More Public Sphere

Media Audiences

Sue Turnbell stated that, “one of the most intriguing aspects of the media audience is that most media audiences do not exist – at least not the way that highly visible (and audience) audience for a football match or rock concert exists in a specific time and place”. In short, this means that audiences will … More Media Audiences